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Union Facts

Laborers

Officials Sentenced

Office of Labor-Management Enforcement

The Office of Labor-Management Standards (OLMS) conducts both civil and criminal investigations of alleged violations of the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (LMRDA) and related laws.

These investigations by OLMS District Offices involve issues such as embezzlements of union funds, union officer elections, the filing of required reports by unions and others with OLMS, and the imposition of trusteeships over subordinate unions by a parent body. These investigations may result in legal enforcement actions.

DateDescription
March 4th, 2016On March 4, 2016, in the Superior Court of Arizona (Maricopa County), Therlen Benally, former Treasurer of Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 1386 (located in Phoenix, Ariz.), was sentenced to three years of probation and was ordered to pay restitution of $1,220 and fees
February 4th, 2016On February 4, 2016, in the Superior Court of Arizona (Maricopa County), Anne Susan, former business manager of Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 1386 (located in Phoenix, Ariz.), was sentenced to three years of probation and was ordered to pay $18,056 in restitution. On January 4, 2016, Susan pled guilty to theft, taking the identity of another, and forgery, in violation of Arizona Revised Statutes 13-1802, 13-2008, and 13-2002, respectively. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Phoenix Resident Investigator Office.
January 7th, 2016On January 7, 2016, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois, Carolyn Hall, bookkeeper for Laborers Local 1197 (located in McLeansboro, Ill.), was sentenced to two years of probation and was ordered to pay a $100 assessment. Hall previously paid restitution in full. On August 7, 2015, Hall pled guilty to one count of embezzling $26,291 in union funds, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 501(c). The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Denver-St. Louis District Office.
January 4th, 2016On January 4, 2016, in the Maricopa County Superior Court of Arizona, Anne Susan, former business manager of Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 1386 (located in Phoenix, Ariz.), pled guilty to theft, taking the identity of another, and forgery, in violation of Arizona Revised Statutes 13-1802, 13-2008, and 13-2002, respectively. The sentencing is scheduled for February 4, 2016. The guilty plea follows an investigation by the OLMS Phoenix Resident Investigative Office.
November 20th, 2015On November 20, 2015, in the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma, Michael Low, former Treasurer of Laborers Local 2097 (located in Oklahoma City, Okla.), was sentenced to three years of probation, 18 days incarceration, and 104 hours of community service, and he was ordered to pay a $5,000 fine and a $100 special assessment. Low previously paid full restitution. On March 26, 2015, Low was charged and pled guilty to one count of false statements to a federal agency, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1001, for embezzling union funds in the amount of $12,937. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Dallas-New Orleans District Office.
June 9th, 2014On June 9, 2014, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada,​ ​Aurora Rios, former cashier for Laborers Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment, six months of home confinement, and three years supervised release. Rios was also ordered to pay $11,500 in restitution and $2,175 in fines. On April 28, 2010, Rios was charged with 21 counts of embezzling approximately $167,500 and three counts of falsifying union records. She pled guilty on April 10, 2012. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
April 1st, 2013On April 1, 2013, Grace Rathke, former office manager for Laborers Local 32 in Rockford, Illinois, was sentenced to 17 months of incarceration, three years of probation, and was ordered to pay full restitution of $204,836. In January 2013, Rathke pled guilty to embezzling union funds. The investigation found that between November 2004 and March 2009, Rathke stole money that the union members paid in cash and falsified records to conceal the theft. This investigation was conducted jointly with the Department of Labor’s Office of Inspector General.
January 9th, 2013On January 9, 2013, in the Trial Court of Massachusetts, BMC Department, David Beard, President of Laborers Local 381 (located in Charlestown, Mass.), pled to sufficient facts to a Continuance Without a Finding (CWOF) for three counts of Larceny Over $250, in violation of Massachusetts General Law c266 s30. Beard agreed to make restitution in the amount of $7,709. The plea and sentencing follow an investigation by the OLMS Boston District Office.
January 7th, 2013On January 7, 2013, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, Aundrea Valerio, former dispatcher for Laborers’ International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), was sentenced to six months of home confinement, five years of probation, and was ordered to pay $13,000 in restitution. On September 19, 2012, Valerio pled guilty to two counts of embezzling union funds, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 501(c), and two counts of falsifying union records, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 439(c). The sentencing follows an investigation by OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
September 19th, 2012On September 19, 2012, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, Aundrea Valerio, former dispatcher for Laborers’ International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), pled guilty to two counts of embezzlement of labor union funds, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 501(c), and two counts of falsifying union records, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 439(c). The guilty plea stems from a $320,000 embezzlement scheme involving Valerio and two other former union employees who were also charged and convicted separately. On April 28, 2010, Valerio was charged with embezzling approximately $13,500. Valerio is scheduled to be sentenced in January 2013. The plea follows an investigation by OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
August 23rd, 2012On August 23, 2012, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, Stacy Johnson, former cashier for Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), was sentenced to one year and one day in prison for embezzling funds from a labor union, in violation of 29 U.S.C 501(c), and one year in prison for falsifying union records, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 439(c), to be served concurrently. Johnson will be on supervised release for one year following her release. Johnson was also ordered her to pay $53,500 in restitution. On April 4, 2012, a jury found Johnson guilty following a trial. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
April 10th, 2012On April 10, 2012, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, Aurora Rios, former cashier for Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), pled guilty to 21 counts of embezzlement and three counts of falsifying union records. The guilty plea stems from a $320,000 embezzlement from the local involving Rios and two other former employees of the local, each of whom were charged and tried separately. On April 28, 2010, Rios was charged with embezzling approximately $167,500. Rios is scheduled to be sentenced in August 2012. The plea follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
April 4th, 2012On April 4, 2012, in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, Stacy Johnson, former cashier for Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 872 (located in Las Vegas, Nev.), was found guilty by a jury of 12 counts of embezzlement, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 501(c), and three counts of falsifying records union records, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 439(c). The trial stemmed from a $320,000 embezzlement from the local involving Johnson and two other former local employees, each of whom are being tried separately. On April 28, 2010, Johnson was charged with embezzling approximately $45,500. Johnson is scheduled to be sentenced in August 2012. The verdict follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
January 19th, 2012On January 19, 2012, in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, Joseph Pavone, former President of Laborers Local 560 (located in Waltham, Mass.), was sentenced to two years of probation and was ordered to pay $6,466 in restitution and a $1,000 fine. On October 19, 2011, Pavone pled guilty to three counts of receipt of an unlawful labor payment, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 186. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Boston District Office and the Department of Labor’s Office of Inspector General.
October 7th, 2011On October 7, 2011, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, Mark Winston, former business manager for Laborers Local 509 (located in St. Louis, Mo.), was sentenced to five months home confinement, five years probation, and 100 hours of community service. He was also ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $11,557 and a $100 fine. On June 30, 2011, Winston pled guilty to one count of embezzling union funds, in violation of 29 U.S.C. 501(c). The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
January 14th, 2011On January 14, 2011, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, Donna Cooper, former Business Manager for Laborers International Union of North America (LIUNA) Local 888 (located in Tahlequah, Okla.), was sentenced to five months incarceration followed by 36 months of supervised release, with the first five months as home detention. Cooper was ordered to pay over $59,000 in restitution. On July 15, 2010, Cooper pled guilty to embezzling union funds in the amount of $69,322. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Dallas District Office.
September 2nd, 2010On September 2, 2010, in the Superior Court of Washington County, Washington, Elizabeth Mills, former office manager of Laborers Local 901 (located in Mount Vernon, Wash), was sentenced to 20 days of incarceration and ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $7,721. On June 18, 2010, Mills pled guilty to theft of union funds in the same amount. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Seattle District Office.
May 20th, 2010On May 20, 2010, in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania, Gary Day, former Field Representative of Laborers Local 1180 (located in Harrisburg, Pa.), was sentenced to three years probation and was ordered to pay restitution in the amount $10,518.00 and a special assessment of $100.00. On January 22, 2010, Day pled guilty to an information charging him with embezzling union funds in the amount of $10,518.00. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Philadelphia District Office.
April 7th, 2010On April 7, 2010, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, Angela Jones, the former President of Laborers Local 509 (located in St. Louis, Mo.), was sentenced to 100 hours of community service and placed on one year of probation. On February 16, 2010, Jones was charged with one count of making false entries in union records. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
November 16th, 2009On November 16, 2009, in the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky, David Lee Tungett, former organizer for the Kentucky Laborers District Council (located in Lawrenceburg, Ky.), was sentenced to two years probation for one count of destruction of union records. Tungett was also ordered to attend a drug aftercare program, pay a $250 fine and a $25 special assessment. Tungett previously made restitution to the union. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Cincinnati District Office.
August 24th, 2009On August 24, 2009, in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, Steven Thomas, former Business Manager for Laborers Local 500 (located in Toledo, Ohio) was sentenced to five years probation with three months of location monitoring and 250 hours of community service. Thomas was also ordered to make outstanding restitution totaling $14,324.84. On May 11, 2009, Thomas pled guilty to one count of embezzling approximately $28,500 in union funds. The sentencing follows a joint investigation by the OLMS Cleveland District Office, Department of Labor's Office of the Inspector General, and the FBI.
June 17th, 2009On June 17, 2009, in the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, Maryland, Rhonda Holmes, former Secretary-Treasurer of Laborers Local 481 (located in Baltimore, Md.), pled guilty to one count of stealing union funds in the amount of $6,350. Subsequently, Holmes was sentenced to five years in prison, suspended, five years of probation, and was ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $6,350. The plea and sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Washington District Office.
April 29th, 2008On April 29, 2008, in the United States District Court for the Western District of New York, Mary Hartsock, former office manager of Laborers Local 1358 (located in Elmira Heights, N.Y.), was sentenced to five years probation and ordered to make restitution in the amount of $17,958. On October 29, 2007, Hartsock pled guilty to one count of embezzling union funds in the same amount. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Buffalo District Office.
April 9th, 2008On April 9, 2008, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, Linda Leonard, former office secretary of Laborers Local 216 (located in Dayton, Ohio), was sentenced to two years supervised probation for making false entries in union records. Leonard was also ordered to pay $5,213 in restitution. On January 16, 2008, Leonard pled guilty to one count of making false entries in union records. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Cincinnati District Office.
April 10th, 2006On April 10, 2006, in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, Leslie Bell, former bookkeeper for Laborers Local 1184, was sentenced to eighteen months incarceration followed by three years of supervised probation for embezzling union funds. Bell was ordered to pay $156,423.41 in restitution to the union's bonding company, a $100 assessment, and to undergo periodic drug testing. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
February 27th, 2006On February 27, 2006, in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, Joseph Rocha, former Business-Manager/Secretary-Treasurer for Laborers Local 1082, was sentenced to 3 years probation, which includes 6 months home confinement. He was ordered to pay a $200 special assessment, obtain mental health counseling, not take any employment involving his access to an employer's funds, and to submit to periodic drug testing, not to exceed eight random checks per month. Rocha was also ordered to pay $12 per day for his period of confinement to defray the cost of monitoring him. The probation report noted that the union agreed not to pursue restitution of the $29,656 that Rocha embezzled in exchange for his agreement not to sue the Local for retroactive vacation, sick, or severance pay, or over the forfeiture of his LIUNA pension. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office and the Department of Labor's Office of Inspector General.
September 21st, 2005On September 21, 2005, in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, Joseph Calcagno, former Business Manager/Secretary Treasurer of Laborers Local 1162, was sentenced to two years probation for making false entries in the financial books and records of Local 1162. Calcagno was also ordered to make restitution of $66,632 to the union for improper expenses that were claimed by Calcagno while employed by the union. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS Boston District Office.
August 2nd, 2005On August 2, 2005, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, Mario Garafola, an organized crime associate, was sentenced to three years imprisonment and was ordered to pay $30,000 in forfeiture to the United States Government and $1.9 million in restitution. Garafola previously pled guilty to charges filed in an indictment involving conspiracy to commit Mail Fraud, Paying Money from an Employer to a Representative of Employees; Committing Money Laundering; Obstructing Justice by Tampering with a Witness; Obstructing Justice by Withholding Documents from a Grand Jury; and Embezzling Moneys of Employee Benefit Plans. The labor corruption scheme concerning the New York City Metropolitan Transit Authority's Building at 2 Broadway involved multiple unions including Elevator Constructors Local One, Operating Engineers Local 14, and Laborers Local 79. On June 20, 2005, in the same court, Laborers Local 79 Business Agent Junior Campbell was sentenced to probation as a result of his guilty plea to charges of making false statements. Also on June 20, 2005, Richard Calaboro was sentenced to five months imprisonment and ordered to pay $8,626 in restitution. Calaboro was charged with perjury and obstruction of justice based on his false testimony before the grand jury regarding the no-show job obtained by Mario Garafola at Building Core Construction. This investigation was conducted jointly by the OLMS New York District Office and the FBI.
June 28th, 2005On June 28, 2005, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Chris Byron, former bookkeeper of Local 78, Laborers, was sentenced to one year probation for embezzling $20,928 in union funds between March and October 2003. The sentencing follows an investigation by the OLMS New York District Office.
February 11th, 2005On February 11, 2005, in the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky, Brian K. Payne, former office manager of Local 1392, Laborers, was sentenced for embezzling union funds. The sentence consisted of one month home incarceration with electronic monitoring, and three years probation with random drug testing, evaluation, and counseling. Payne was also ordered to pay a $100 court assessment; he had previously made restitution in the amount of $6,605. On October 18, 2004, Payne pled guilty to the charge following an investigation by the OLMS Cincinnati District Office.
November 22nd, 2004On November 22, 2004, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Daniel F. Kearney, former secretary-treasurer of Local 79, Laborers International Union of North America, was sentenced to the following for embezzling union funds: 12 months confinement, 2 years of probation, fined $100 and barred from holding a union office for a period of 13 years. He admitted to forging the signature of another officer on union checks and filing false and misleading Form LM-2 reports. Kearney has made full restitution in the amount of $149,330.12. The sentence follows an investigation by the OLMS New York District Office.
May 13th, 2004On May 13, 2004, in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Georgia, Jennifer Phillips, former office secretary for Laborers Local 1073, was sentenced to five months home confinement followed by three years probation for embezzlement. Phillips was also ordered to pay a special court assessment of $100.00 and to make restitution of $35,040.96 in 36 monthly payments of $973.36. She was indicted on November 21, 2003, and pled guilty on February 17, 2004, following an investigation by the OLMS Atlanta District Office.
October 28th, 2003On October 28, 2003, in St. Louis County (Minnesota) District Court, Thomas J. Pender, former business manager and financial secretary of Laborers Local 1097, was sentenced to two years probation for theft and fraud. The conditions of the sentence require Pender to complete the following: serve a thirty-day work crew program, pay a fine of $1,000 plus court costs, refrain from using alcohol and mood altering chemicals (except as prescribed by a physician), submit to random urinalysis, submit to DNA testing, pay restitution if it is determined that additional restitution is owed, and show proof that a chemical dependency treatment program was completed. On April 7, 2003, Pender had been charged with one count of theft of $7,000 in union funds and one count of financial transaction card fraud involving $167 in union funds. The charges and sentence follow an investigation by the OLMS Minneapolis Resident Investigator Office.
July 2nd, 2003On July 2, 2003, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, Joleen Coughlon, former office secretary of Laborers Local 177, was sentenced to four years probation and ordered to pay $6,445 in restitution. Coughlon had previously pled guilty on March 27, 2003, to embezzling union funds and making a false entry in union records. Coughlon was charged following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
May 9th, 2003On May 9, 2003, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, Clyde Howard Starkey, former member of Laborers Local 177, was sentenced to six months imprisonment, three years probation, and ordered to make restitution of $28,905. Starkey was indicted on November 20, 2002 and on January 16, 2003, he pled guilty to conspiring to embezzle union funds. Specifically, Starkey received and cashed $28,905 in union checks (to which he had no legitimate claim) and returned a portion of the proceeds to former Local 177 Business Manager Fred Risius. Risius is currently serving fifteen months in the penitentiary for embezzling in excess of $100,000 from the local. The charges were brought following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
March 6th, 2003On March 6, 2003, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, Craig Michael, a member of Laborers Local 177 in Des Moines, was sentenced to five years probation, two months home confinement, and ordered to make restitution of $16,900 jointly and severally with former officers Fred Risius and Henry Jannenga. Michael pled guilty on November 11, 2002 to conspiring to embezzle union funds. The charges were brought following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
February 28th, 2003On February 28, 2003, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, Fred Risius, former president of Laborers Local 177 in Des Moines, was sentenced to serve 15 months in prison, followed by three years supervised release, and ordered to pay $100,000 in restitution to Local 177. Risius pled guilty on July 25, 2002 to embezzling $100,060 in union funds. The charges were brought following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
February 28th, 2003On February 28, 2003, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, Henry Jannenga, former vice-president of Laborers Local 177 in Des Moines, was sentenced to serve three months in prison, followed by three years supervised release including six months home confinement, and ordered to pay $22,500 in restitution to Local 177. Jannenga pled guilty on July 25, 2002 to embezzling $20,460 in union funds. These charges were brought following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
October 22nd, 2002On October 22, 2002, in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, Patricia Smith, former office secretary of the Laborers District Council of Alabama, was sentenced to six months home confinement followed by five years of supervised probation. She was ordered to pay $17,454.66 in restitution (prior to sentencing she had made restitution totaling $4,232.34). On July 10, 2002, Smith pled guilty to one count of embezzling $21,687 in union funds and one count of falsification of union records following an investigation by the OLMS Nashville District Office.
October 10th, 2002On October 10, 2002, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Edward K. Wiebeck, Sr., former business manager of Laborers Local 503, was sentenced to confinement in a community corrections center for six months followed by six months home confinement with electronic monitoring followed by three years of supervised release. He was ordered to pay $32,790.82 in restitution. On May 9, 2002, Wiebeck pled guilty to one count of embezzling $32,790.82 in union funds following an investigation by the OLMS Detroit District Office.
September 25th, 2002On September 25, 2002, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California, Jeremias Lopez, former business manager of Laborers Local 220, was sentenced to ten months confinement followed by twelve months of supervised release, ordered to pay $10,814 in restitution to the union's bonding company, ordered to pay a special assessment of $25, and ordered to be subject to regular drug testing. The court recommended that the sentence be served at the Turning Point drug/alcohol rehabilitation center in Bakersfield. On July 10, 2002, Lopez pled guilty to falsifying union records and admitted embezzling union receipts between $10,000 and $30,000 following an investigation by the OLMS Los Angeles District Office.
August 23rd, 2002On August 23, 2002, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, Linda G. Chargois, former office secretary of Laborers Local 80, was sentenced to three months imprisonment followed by three years probation and was ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $35,171.10. She had pled guilty on April 1, 2002, and had been indicted on January 9, 2002, following an investigation by the OLMS New Orleans District Office and the Department of Labor's Office of the Inspector General.
November 21st, 2001On November 21, 2001, in the United States District Court for the District of Oregon, John Abbott, former secretary-treasurer of the Laborers District Council of Oregon, Southern Idaho, and Wyoming, was sentenced to 15 months in prison and one year probation. He was ordered to make restitution of $194,400 and settle his income taxes with the IRS for the years 1994 through 1998. He had pled guilty on February 26, 2001, to accepting gratuities to use his influence as a pension plan trustee and filing a false tax return following an investigation by the OLMS Seattle District Office, the IRS, the FBI, the Department of Labor's Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration, and the Department of Labor's Office of the Inspector General.
September 25th, 2001On September 25, 2001, in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas, Craig J. Rider, former business manager of Laborers Local 1290, was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment for embezzlement of union funds, to be followed by 36 months of supervised release. He was also ordered to make restitution of $15,044. He had pled guilty on May 21, 2001, following an investigation by the OLMS St. Louis District Office.
September 4th, 2001On September 4, 2001, in the United States District Court for the District of Maine, Ray Curtis, former secretary-treasurer of Laborers Local 327, was sentenced to three years probation with a condition that he serve six months in home confinement with electronic monitoring. He was also ordered to make restitution to the union of the balance he owes, $6,655. He had earlier pled guilty to embezzling $8,547 in union funds following an investigation by the OLMS Boston District Office.